Kuburan Kherkoff Peutjut

Banda Aceh

Description

Kuburan Kerkhoff Banda Aceh adalah kuburan militer Belanda yang terletak di luar negeri Belanda. Kuburan tentara ini adalah salah satu yang terluas di dunia. Sekitar 2.200 tentara termasuk empat orang jenderal dimakamkan di sini, di tanah tempat para pejuang Aceh yang sangat gigih melawan kolonialisme Belanda.

Perang Aceh berlangsung pada 1873-1904, sebuah perang dimana dalam sejarah Belanda, inilah perang yang paling pahit melebihi pahitnya pengalaman mereka dalam Perang Napoleon.

Kuburan Kerkhoff merupakan pemakaman terbesar kedua tentara Belanda setelah yang pertama terbesar di Belanda. Kuburan Kerkhoff menjadi objek wisata menarik, khususnya bagi wisatawan mancanegara asal Belanda. Hingga saat ini Pemerintah Kerajaan Belanda sangat haru dan menghormati warga Banda Aceh yang merawat dengan rapi kuburan tersebut.

Belanda menyerang Kesultanan Aceh pada 8 April 1873 melalui laut sambil menembakkan meriam dari kapal perang Citadel Van Antwerpen. Saat itu tentara Belanda jumlahnya mencapai 3.198 orang, termasuk tentara dari etnis Jawa, Ambon, Batak, dan tentara etnis Indonesia lainnya yang tergabung dalam Angkatan Bersenjata Hindia-Belanda.

Pada masa pendudukan Hindia Belanda, Masjid Agung Baiturrahman dikuasai tentara Belanda. Namun, pada periode pertama perang tersebut (1873-1874), masyarakat Aceh berhasil menahan serangan Belanda. Johan Harmen Rodolf Kohler yang merupakan jenderal Belanda yang memimpin Perang Aceh kemudian terbunuh dan dimakamkan di Kerkhoff, Banda Aceh

Bagian paling meletihkan selama perang tersebut adalah perjuangan merebut kembali Masjid Agung Baiturrahman. Perang terus berkecamuk hingga empat periode dari 1873 sampai 1910. Dengan metode perang gerilya akhirnya pejuang Aceh membuat Belanda menyerah dan meninggalkan Tanah Rencong. Cut Nyak Dhien yang memimpin penyerangan tersebut terus berjuang melawan kolonialisme hingga akhirnya ditangkap, diasingkan dan wafat di Sumedang, Jawa Barat.

Banyak hal menarik dapat Anda temui di kompleks pemakaman ini. Seperti kisah para prajurit semasa hidupnya sampai pada saat dikubur. Semuanya diceritakan sekilas pada batu nisan sehingga makam ini seolah-olah sedang bercerita kepada Anda tentang masa hidupnya.

Ada yang unik di tengah-tengah kuburan tentara Belanda itu, terdapat sebuah kuburan yang terpisah dari yang lainnya, yaitu kuburan Meurah Pupok, satu-satunya putera dan kesayangan Sultan Iskandar Muda. Meurah Pupok dihukum rajam oleh ayahnya sendiri Sultan Iskandar Muda karena berbuat zina. Meurah Pupok berbuat zina dengan isteri seorang perwira muda yang menjadi pelatih dari angkatan perang Aceh. Pada waktu perwira muda itu pulang dari tempat latihan di Blang Peurade, didapatinya Meorah Pupok sedang berduaan dengan isterinya. Meurah Pupok segera melarikan diri. Karena marahnya si perwira itu menghunuskan pedang pada isterinya. Kemudian perwira tersebut melapor kepada Sultan Iskandar Muda untuk dilakukan penyelidikan. Akhirnya Meurah Pupok tertangkap dan dihukum rajam sampai mati oleh Sultan Iskandar Muda selaku ayahnya di depan umum.

Makam Kerkhoff tidak saja bukti nyata kepahlawanan rakyat Aceh melawan penjajah tetapi juga merupakan bukti nyata keadilan Sultan Iskandar Muda dalam menjunjung tinggi hukum di masa pemerintahannya.

 

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The Kerkhoff Grave Banda Aceh is a Dutch military grave located outside the Netherlands. This army grave is one of the largest in the world. Around 2,200 soldiers including four generals are buried here, on the ground where the Acehnese fighters are very persistent against Dutch colonialism.

The Aceh War lasted from 1873-1904, a war in which in Dutch history this was the bitterest war over the bitter experience of the Napoleonic Wars.

The Kerkhoff Grave is the second largest Dutch army grave after the first largest in the Netherlands. Kerkhoff's grave became an interesting tourist attraction, especially for foreign tourists from the Netherlands. Until now the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands is very happy and respect the citizens of Banda Aceh who care for the grave neatly.

The Dutch attacked the Aceh Sultanate on April 8, 1873 from the sea while firing a cannon from the warship Citadel Van Antwerpen. At that time the Dutch army numbered 3198 people, including soldiers from ethnic Javanese, Ambon, Batak, and other ethnic Indonesian soldiers who are members of the Dutch East Indies Army.

During the occupation of the Dutch East Indies, the Baiturrahman Great Mosque was occupied by Dutch army. However, in the first period of the war (1873-1874), the people of Aceh succeed to resist the Dutch attack. Johan Harmen Rudolf Kohler, the Dutch general who was at war in Aceh, was later killed and buried in Kerkhoff, Banda Aceh.

The most tiring part of the war was the struggle to reclaim the Baiturrahman Great Mosque. The war continued to rage for four periods from 1873 to 1910. With the guerrilla warfare method ultimately the Aceh warriors made the Dutch surrender and left the Land of Rencong. Cut Nyak Dhien who led the attack continued to fight against colonialism until finally arrested, exiled and died in Sumedang, West Java.

Many interesting things you can find in this burial complex. Like the story of the soldiers during his life until when buried. Everything is told briefly on the tombstone so this tomb as if it was telling you about his lifetime.

There is a unique amidst the grave of the Dutch army, there is a cemetery separate from the others, the grave Meurah Pupok, the only son of Sultan Iskandar Muda. Meurah Pupok was stoned by his own father Sultan Iskandar Muda for committing adultery. Meurah Pupok commits adultery with the wife of a young officer who is the coach of the Aceh army. When the young officer returned from the practice site in Blang Peurade, he found Meurah Pupok with his wife. Meurah Pupok immediately ran away. Because of his anger the officer drew his sword on his wife. Then the officer reported to Sultan Iskandar Muda for investigation. Finally Meurah Pupok was caught and stoned to death by Sultan Iskandar Muda as his father in public.

Kerkhoff's tomb is not only a proof of the heroism of the Acehnese people against the invaders but also a proof of the justice of Sultan Iskandar Muda in upholding the law in his reign.


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