Who doesn’t know the big name Teungku Daud Beureueh. Cleric and leaders of the Daulah Islamiah Indonesian Islamic Army (DI.TII) who were none other than the first Aceh Governor during President Soekarno.
During his heyday, he and the community in Pidie District founded a mosque in 1951 which is located in Beurangkas village, Pidie Regency. The mosque, named Baitul A’la Lilmujahidin, or by another name, the Abue Beureueh Mosque, is 69 years old and has become one of Indonesia’s cultural heritages that must be preserved.
The mosque is white painted and has two minarets which flank the main dome of the mosque with ancient architecture. The foundation of the mosque, located in Beureunuen City, Mutiara District, Pidie, Aceh, was built in 1951 on the initiative of Teungku Muhammad Daud Beureueh with the help of the community.
After the foundation was ready, the construction of the mosque was stopped for 10 years. Not because there was no cost, but at that time Tengku Daud Beureueh chose to move to the forest due to the DI / TII conflict in Aceh.
After the rebellion subsided, the former governor of Aceh invited the community to continue the construction of the mosque which was delayed. In 1963, the people of Pidie Regency and outside of Pidie collected aid in the form of rice and eggs. The aid collected was then sold to buy various materials to build the historic mosque.
The construction of the mosque from the hoarding to the foundation was done voluntarily by residents from several sub-districts in Pidie. They took turns getting the ration according to what was appointed by Tengku Daud Beureueh. In 1973, the 1.350 square meter mosque was completed.
The mosque, which is located on the edge of the Banda Aceh-Medan crossing road, is always crowded with people who are traveling. When Abu Beureueh was still alive, many people who passed both east and west tried to schedule Friday prayers at the mosque which was decorated with carved reliefs.
Not only the crowded mosque visited by residents, but also the tomb of Tengku Daud Beureueh which is located right next to the mosque. The tomb is fenced with white rectangular trellis. Inside there are two jatropha trees and gravestones that read “Tgk Syi ‘In Beureu’eh (Tgk. Muhammad Dawud Beureu’eh), Born Sunday 17 Jumadil Early 1317 (23 September 1899), Death Wednesday 14 Zulqaidah 1407 (10 June 1987) ”
In addition, not far from the mosque building stands a hall that is often used by residents who travel to rest. “They sleep a lot in the hall next to the mosque because I do not allow people to sleep in the mosque,” explained Tengku Sulaiman.
Although now 69 years old, the mosque building still stands firm. According to Tengku Sulaiman, since it was first built until now the building of this mosque has never been renovated. Even when the magnitude 9.3 earthquake that shook Aceh on December 20, 2004, the mosque building including the tower did not crack.
In 2004 the mosque was designated as a cultural heritage object, a site or area that must be protected based on the decision of the Minister of Culture and Tourism number KM.51 / OT.007 / MKP / 2004. In the decree was written, this determination was carried out by I Gede Ardika.
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