Indra Patra and Hindu Glory in Aceh Besar (Great Aceh)

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Holiday to Aceh, there are not only Islamic religious attractions that are interesting to visit. But there is the site of Indra Patra Fort, a legacy of the Kingdom of Lamuri. This kingdom is the first Hindu kingdom in Aceh.

The existence of the Lamuri Kingdom was established before the Islamic kingdom in Aceh. Fort Indrapatra is located in Ladong Village, Mesjid Raya District, Aceh Besar, about 19 km from Banda Aceh, heading towards the Krueung Raya Harbor.

Passing away the roads, you can say the historical route because along the path scattered several places that have historical values, including the ancient tombs of the Lamuri Kingdom, the first Japanese fleet landing monument in Aceh, Iskandar Muda Fort, Laksamana Keumalahayati Tomb, and Benteng Fortress Inong Balee.

Fortress Indra Patra according to historical records was built in the VII century AD by Putra Raha Harsa who ruled in India. The existence of Indra Patra Fortress is very close to the high seas. The Lamuri Kingdom established this fort to fortify its territories from the explosion of the cannon Portuguese ships coming from the Straits of Malacca. The territory of the Sultanate of Lamuri includes the area now included as the administrative territory of Aceh Besar Regency.

At that time the fort was also used as a place of worship for Hindus in Aceh.

This fort consists of a main fortress measuring 4900 square meters, and three other forts. But two of them were destroyed during the Aceh tsunami. The construction of the fort was composed of lumps of mountain rock. After that, mountain rocks are glued together with a mixture of lime, collision of conch shells, clay, and egg white.

Inside the main fort there are two stupas with domes on them, each of which has a well. The water in the well is used by Hindus to purify themselves when going to perform rituals of worship.

The existence of Indra Patra Fortress is a testament to the historical heritage of the influence of Hinduism from India spread to the North Coast of Aceh Besar. In addition, the fort is one of three strongholds that mark the territory of the Hindu kingdom in Aceh, namely Indra Patra, Indra Puri, and Indra Purwa.

Not far from the main fort, there is also a fortress building. On each side of the fort’s walls are perforated. The holes function as enemy reconnaissance holes and put cannon spouts. In addition there are also bankers to store cannons, and bullets.

Fort Indra Patra looks very sturdy with a wall thickness of about two meters, and has a height of about four to five meters.

When you will get there to see the splendor of Indra Patra Fortress, there are some people who are tasked with guarding the Indra Patra Fortress attraction offering a ticket at the entrance to the fort, and you just have to pay Rp.5,000 to pocket the entrance ticket.


There is no specific historical record that gives an explanation of the end of the Lamuri Kingdom as a Hindu Kingdom on the North Coast of Aceh Besar, because over time the Lamuri Kingdom was influenced by Islam and became the forerunner to the establishment of the Sultanate of Aceh Darussalam.

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