If there is a visit to Banda Aceh, it feels incomplete if you have not visited the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque. The mosque, which became a historical site, has gone through a number of things, from the burning of the Dutch Colonial during the second aggression in 1873 to the 2004 Tsunami hit. But until now it still stands firm.
Almost every tourist visiting Banda Aceh, they will visit the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque. This mosque became one of the historical tourism objects in Aceh. Foreign and local tourists usually spend time studying the history of the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque, enjoying the beauty of the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque architecture and capturing photos while at the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque.
This mosque is one of the grandest mosques in Southeast Asia, located in downtown Banda Aceh. This mosque is the mosque of the Sultanate of Aceh, which was built during the time of Sultan Iskandar Muda in 1612.
Some also say that the original Baiturrahman Grand Mosque was built earlier in 1292 by Sultan Alaidin Mahmudsyah. The mosque originally featured a multi-layered thatched roof which was a distinctive feature of Aceh’s architecture.
The mosque which was once a stronghold of fighting for the people of Aceh was once burned by the Dutch during the attack on Banda Aceh on April 10, 1873. This tragedy sparked resistance from the Acehnese people until the Dutch had to be willing to lose a commander, Major General Johan Harmen Rudolf Köhler who was shot by an Aceh sniper on 14 April 1873.
To defuse the Acehnese resistance against the Dutch occupation, General Van Swieten also promised local leaders that he would rebuild the Great Mosque and create a warm place for apologies. The rebuilding process of the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque took place in 1879-1881 based on the design drawings made by de Bruchi, which adapted the Moghul (Indian) style. Hence, this mosque at this time resembles the Taj Mahal in India.
After that, the mosque also underwent several renovations and expansion. The first occurred in 1936, carried out the construction of two domes on the right and left side of the mosque at the effort of Governor General A. PH. Van Aken
In 1958-1965, the mosque building was expanded again with the addition of two domes and two towers on the west side (mihrab). These five domes are the five elements in Pancasila. After that, in 1992, it was built with the addition of two domes and five towers and the expansion of the mosque courtyard. Now, the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque has 7 domes and 8 minarets.
When an earthquake and tsunami struck Aceh, this magnificent mosque remained firmly standing. Many people chose to take shelter in the place when the tsunami struck. this has become one of the reasons tourists visit this place.
Here, you can do various things. In addition to worship, you can also enjoy the beauty of architecture and see the electric umbrella in this Baiturrahman mosque. After worship, you can also relax and enjoy the view of the garden and pool in the mosque courtyard. The floor of the mosque is adorned with Spanish and Italian marble, which can make you comfortable enjoying every corner of the mosque.
For those of you who enter the mosque area, there are some rules you should pay attention to, among other things; for those who have to dress politely, are prohibited from wearing shorts, are prohibited from smoking, and are prohibited from sitting together in a non-muhrim manner. For women, it is not prohibited to wear skinny clothes.
For non-Muslims, you must wear the robe provided at the Robe Counter and follow the direction of the designated officer.
Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is located on Jalan Teuku Umar, Kampung Baru, Baiturrahman District, Banda Aceh City. There are several attractions close to the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque, including the Tsunami Museum, Blang Padang Field, Putroe Phang Park, Sari Gunungan Park, and the Floating Diesel Power Plant (PLTD), as one of the Aceh Tsunami Tours.
Baiturrahman Grand Mosqueprovided several facilities, among others; parking lot, garden, shoe / sandal storage, library, secretariat office, bathroom / toilet, place of ablution and religious facilities.